...il vento, le onde e le montagne, sono sempre dalla parte dei navigatori e scalatori pių abili.



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Bepi Hoffe




of Joseph Hoffer

The elements of the naval architecture

The numenclatura of the hull

Linear dimensions volumetriche


Naval label (code of courtesy)

Computational methods

The extinguishers

The radio

Lighthouses and lights

Side signals

You signal cardinal

signals of free waters

Special signals

Maritime Segnalamenti

Danger signals

The anchors

The nautical publications

Assisted in sea

The mechanical propulsion

The recreation legislation

Changes to the legislation
August 2003.

Rule for the system of signs
for the navigation

Safety least endowments
to hold on board

You prepare galeggianti

Norms on the life belts.

International code of the

Lights of navigation of
a ship

You signal diurnal

Knots marinareschi

It drives to the use of Sail Mail

The elements of the naval architecture Lo scafo
The principal structural elements of a ship
The wood was one of the first materials used for the construction of a ship, a substitution has gradually been you with the iron. The development of the technique has allowed the introduction of new materials, in iron-cement, light leagues, the plastic subjects and the rubbers, that nevertheless maintaining the same numenclatura; where the different materials exclude a particular element of it, the term he/she remains still for specifying its posture.
The hulls are divided in:
Hulls dislocanti to hull tonda:sono so called because they always stay absorbed in the water during the navigation.
Hulls plananti to flat hull: I am so called because they go out of the water and they slip you above during the navigation.
It careens to V: it is currently very used for the motor boats.

The numenclatura of the hull
Pivot fixed on the part prodiera of the rudder
Transversal element that superiorly unites the ordinates of the two sides and it sustains
the bridge of cover.

External surface of the hull, among the line of galleggiamento of the unloaded ship and that of the height ship load.
Safety parapet that races around the outside of the cover.
Mullion used for giving time to the tops.
Opening of the bridge of cover for the passage of people and things.
Height of the bridge of cover on the level of the sea, to full load.
Reinforcement around the hull, to the height of the trincarino.
Operation for the planking or the covering of the bridges or the iron plates to make watertight overlapped.
Base of the straight of stern.
Auction of support of the draglies of the battagliola.
Longitudinal beam.
Line of junction among the tables of the courses of fasciame(o of the laieres of ferro)che must be caulks.
Inferior reinforcement of the keel.
I strengthen superior of the paramezzale.
I perforate in the cover or in the falchetta, for the passage of the chain of the he/she anchors.
Horizontal cable of protection of the battagliola sustained by the chandeliers.
Vertical element to the back extremity (anteriore)della keel.
Side vertical edge of the cover, raised again on the trincarino; on the great unities called bulwark.
External covering of the skeleton of the hull.
Support of the rudder on the straight of stern.
Vain closet both inside both external.
Part rounded off of the hull before the stern.
Line of separation between alive work and dead work.
Beam that leans on the keel uniting the ordinates.
Beginning of the next curved part of the hull to the bow.
Necessary opening for the passage of the tree.
Side of the dead work.
Opening along the falchetta, or I perforate on the fund of the grit.
Transversal element of the skeleton of the hull.
Glasses portholes, hinged in cover.
Boarding that covers the bilge and form the floor of the boat.
Beam overlapped to the keel, serves from longitudinal reinforcement.
More elevated continuous bridge.
Horizontal surface that divides the hull in height.
Indentation of the cover, that protects the helmsman.
Rigid part of support of the battagliola.
Beam of support of the beam.
Curve of the departs straight of bow
Nailed in fork on the falchetta, where the oar supports him
fixed on the paramezzale, that stops the foot of the tree.
Space between background of the ship and pagliolo.
Longitudinal element of the skeleton.
The transversal vertical section measured in the point of greater width of the hull.
External surface of the external stern of the stern.
I space inside of the merchant ships.
First course of the planking inserted in the keel.
Beam longitudinale,sopra the extremity of the beams.
Superstructure bound to the bridge of cover.

Linear dimensions and volumetriche
The maximum longitudinal encumbrance of the hull, measured among the external extreme points of the bow and the stern, excluded all the appendixes as the bompresso, the bases poppiere, etc.
The longitudinal encumbrance of the hull, measured to the height of the galleggiamento.
The transversal encumbrance of the hull, measured to the height of the section teacher.
Vertical distance between the superior part of the keel and the congiungente the extremities of the beam.
Vertical distance between the line of galleggiamento and the inferior part of the keel.
And' the total weight of the ship, measured in tons of weight; it corresponds to the weight of the volume of moved water (displaced) from the absorbed part of the hull.
And' given by all the spaces and superstructures closed of the ship.
And' the volume of the spaces reserved to the carriage of goods and passengers.
I am so called because they always stay absorbed in the water.
I am so called because they go out of the water and they slip you above during the navigation
Very used for motor boats.

What it is found aloft
To make to assume to the boat a movement of rotation
To stretch a cable or a chain on a plan.
Unintentional collision in sea.
Residual speed.
To change rout
To gather a cable on himself.
To maintain a cable in the tension in which is found.
To make strength on a cable for tesarlo and to lift a weight
To make to climb haul upward,
To make to go down a lifted object
To draw near to the coast, toward a place where is possible to stay himself/herself/themselves
To put something in condition to develop his/her function
Owner of the boat
To tighten with strength a knot
To draw near to the coast to take earth
One or the other of the sides of the boat
Calm of wind and sea
To extend a sail
Curved line assumed by a suspended chain to the two heads
Any cordage of edge
Tesare a manoeuvre
Textile cable
Bench equipped for sleeping
Lasciar to fall anchors after all him
To fix a cable so that doesn't loosen him
Fanfold cable on himself so that to form a buttonhole
All those people who participate in the manoeuvres of the boat
Change of rout of the boat
Metallic accessories of the boat
To leave to flow a cable or a chain
The to beat some thoughtless sail
Stings in which him from fund to the anchor or it moors him to a boa
Placed to the outside of the I bring
Auction with the ferrule and a rounded off hook
To unite two spezzonis of cable
Loosened, loose
Cultured so that to be able to be employed without risk to get entangled himself/herself/themselves
To get entangled himself/herself/themselves so that not to be able to be used for his/her function
To loosen a cable in strength
Generic name of the cables destined the action to maneuver the boat to specific assignments,
Connected to the sea
Related to the sea with good dowries marinaresche
Protected place from the wind and from the waves
Turbulent movement of the waves reflected by an obstacle
Thin cable
To leave the mooring
To bring the rudder from the opposite part to arrest an approached
To remove the water from the boat
To command a recreation boat
Piece of cable sealed with lead on himself to ring
To remove the wind
To move the boat through cables gives time to a fixed point
To parallelly put on to the waves
I turn complete of cable
Boat recreation cabinata

Naval label
The commander is the first one to climb on board and the last to go down.

Before climbing on board to ask the permission and to climb on board without scarpe(o with rubber sole cleaning up)

The young guests have to consider him crew members and to make of the commander available.
Who doesn't participate in the manoeuvres him it withdraws sottocoperta or it systematizes him in position not to hamper the job of the crew.

Don't approach to another boat without having asked the authorization to his/her shipowner or to the Commander.
To help, if required, the near boats in the manoeuvres to moor and to set sail.
Do never moor himself/herself/themselves on the dead body of another boat.

The national flag must have been lifted since 08.00 to the sunset, of stern or on the masting poppiera; it has to be of greater dimensions of all the other flags.
The social guidone (of the club) you/he/she must be lifted in head of tree and he/she remains always lifted.
The flag of the owner must be lifted to the crocetta of right-hand; to the left when to right-hand you/he/she is lifted the flag of courtesy.
The flag of courtesy of the state ospitante must be lifted to the crocetta of right-hand.
All the flags (excluded the guidone)devono to be furled when the national flag is furled.

Regard entering in I bring foreigner or among navi:S'ammaina the national flag and her it raises again him to shore for three times.
And' good norm to greet him among Yachts: the flag of the owner is furled to mezzasta and her/it it raises again him to shore. Sonorous signals don't be used.

Computational methods
They uses algebraic operations remembering that: ++ = + + - = - - + = - - - = +
To remember that: EAST = + WEST = - NORTH = + SOUTH = -

Horses vapor (CV) and Kilowatt (KW) 1 kw = 1,36 CVs;

The angular Measure: the unity of measure is the degree (°)
An angle turn is of 360° - Every degree they are 60 first (') and every first is separated in 60 (")

Kilometers Km - Miles mg - Knots knots - The sea mile corresponds to 1.852 ms.

The extinguishers
100cv 1 from 25B near apparatus motor;
200cv 2 from 13B " " " 1 from 13B in bridge 1 from 13B in the local xes
In inactive dust and anhydride co2 for inflammable and electric equipments
It skims chemistry for combustible - inflammable - no electric equipments

The radio
Over the 6mg it is obligatory at least a radio VHS to so that metricses.
Ships of length over the 24m: a plant in waves FM ettometriche.

Frequency of call and help: VHF: 156,8 = channel 16
FM: 2.182 KHzes (2,182MHz)
There is the obligation of the silence radio on the frequencies of call and help, for the first 3 minutes of every mezzora.
And' of obligation the silence radio on all the interested frequencies to rescue efforts.

Gives technical




Free edge


Straight of poppa(di

Line of galleggiamento
Bridge of cover
Wheel of bow
Limber board
Section teacher

Length out all (lft)

Length to the galleggiamento
Width mx or beam mx

Immersion (pescaggio)

The gross tonnage
The clean tonnage
Hulls dislocanti (round hull)
Hulls plananti (flat hull)
It careens to V

To shore
To demolish
To approach
To seize
To haul
To lift
To furl
To land
To arm
To land
To hem
To give fund
To give time
Duplex cable
Gaffa (half sailor)
To govern
To seal with lead
In proclamation
In clear

To set sail
To meet
To foil

of the perfect navigator

With all the winds,
the navigar is always from unwise.

West wind,
who sets sail from the shore it repents.

The good nocchier, with the fresh sirocco,
he/she thinks to' his/her darlings, and it holds back him to the table.

When it blows the mistral,
to be in I bring it is not badly.

East clouds,
chains, anchors and boas son holy things.

If the breeze is of North-Este,
you escape the sea as the plague.

Wind to the earth,
who is in the I bring it never errs.

If you embark yourself with the grecale pescicani and funeral.

Midday Pecorelle,
you will depart without return.

Red air to the morning
not salpar, returns in the wine cellar.

Red air to the sunset,
navigar doesn't put account.

If to the libeccio it turns the wind,
you run away the sea with fear.

Pecorelle to the horizon,
go on the dock... and dietrofronte!